transmitting other pathogens between plants. Cassytha filiformis L. is a leafless, climbing, twining, vine-like, autoparasitic and plant-hyperparasitic phanero-. C. filiformis is a parasitic vine with a pan-tropical distribution (GBIF, ). It is primarily a plant of coastal areas, where it may become. Cassytha filiformis L. (Lauraceae), a medicinal plant is traditionally used for the treatment of cancer, African trypanosomiasis and many other related diseases.

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Somewhat unusually, these are all areas to which the species is native. The plumule is filiform, cord-like, light green and with minute alternate leaves Augustine, Some self-parasitism also occurs.

Intentional Introduction Human-mediated introduction is the most common way for C. Following germination, the primary root fails to develop but several small adventitious roots may provide anchorage for a short period Mahadevan and Jayasuriya, b.

It is quite likely to be introduced deliberately as a medicinal plant, as a cultural accessory, or simply as a curiosity see Uses.

Cassytha filiformis (love-vine)

Plant Disease Leaflet PD Distribution Table Top of page The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. In Africa it is used to treat filifofmis, African trypanosomiasis and other diseases Hoet et al.


Cassytha filiformis – a census on its host range in the district of Midnapore, West Bengal. It can also occur well inland on non-saline soils. It has been noted, however, that the seeds may persist for some years in a dormant state Mahadevan and Jayasuriya, a.

Dodder Laurel The twining and scrambling habit of this parasitic plant, with its often leafless stems, has totally engulfed what is probably a gazebo. Turner and Henderson, Sydney. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Its greater numbers in coastal areas cssytha that it may be favoured by hosts growing on saline soils, but there has been no confirmation of this.

Cassytha filiformis – Wikipedia

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cassytha filiformis. In China, the whole plant is used by local people as a diuretic and as a paste for paper-making Flora of China, Cassytha americana Nees Cassytha americana var. The risk of further spread is relatively low, but could occur as a result of interest in the therapeutic uses of the plant see Usesor accidentally with the importation of infected ornamental host plants, as has been occuring in the Cadsytha on protea plants USDA, An online encyclopedia of life [web application].


Allen Cassytha brasiliensis Mart.

It also spreads from tree to tree by vegetative growth. Series B, Botany, 38 2: If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. It has been known by a large number of synonyms but none of these are in current use. Close-up of the flowers Photograph by: Flora Zambesiaca, Kew Databases. Host plants succumb to heavy infestation due to a weakened condition that reduces resistance to other pests Nelson, The earliest records fuliformis C.

Biological Control No attempts at biological control have been reported.

Cassytha filiformis

Cytotoxic aporphine alkaloids from Cassytha filiformis. Journal of Medical Sciences Pakistan13 1: Fire has also been suggested but will of course also destroy the host plants Nelson, Parker C, Riches CR, The species has a native pantropical distribution encompassing the AmericasIndomalayaAustralasiaPolynesia and tropical Africa [2] [3] In the Caribbean region, it is one of filicormis plants known as “Love vine” because it has a reputation as an aphrodisiac.

National Plant Data Center. Flowers are borne in spikes or sometimes solitary.