In this article, we will explore the GNU profiling tool ‘gprof’. In this step, the gprof tool is run with the executable name and the above. What is gprof? Gprof is a profiling program which collects and arranges statistics on your programs. Write hate-mail to gnu (but don’t tell them I told you to). Table of Contents. 1. Introduction to Profiling · 2. Compiling a Program for Profiling · 3. Executing the Program · 4. gprof Command Summary · Output Options.
|Published (Last):||6 September 2013|
|PDF File Size:||6.99 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||10.53 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Anyway, as for why it would hang, a question and a suggestion on figuring out where its having issues: Contact Us Email Me: The call graph shows, for each function, which functions called it, which other functions it called, and how many times.
Retrieved from ” https: Instrumentation code is automatically inserted into the program code during compilation for example, by using the ‘-pg’ option of the gcc compilerto gather caller-function data. Kiranjp September 3,1: It produced the gmon. The last step above produces an gprot file which is in human readable form.
Say for high performance applications. Kessler, and Marshall K. From GProf to DTrace “2. There are various flags available to customize the output of the gprof tool.
Anything else that is different should be kept in mind too including — just saying and not suggesting this is it — system load. The second part of the output is the textual call graph, which shows for each function who called it parent and who it called child subroutines.
Now lets ggprof the analysis output:. This never happens when the non-profiling version is run. Unlike prof, gprof is capable of limited call graph collecting and printing.
The flat profile is mainly about gprf time, which in a large program is usually irrelevant because the real problems are mid-stack.
From attaching to gprpf program during execution where you need to investigateyou then have an idea well, often where the problem is in which case you can get closer to solving the problem. From the man page of gcc: Bugs listed are irrelevant as again, just because something has a problem does not mean it is useless or never useful in any way shape or form.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
GNU gprof – Table of Contents
In some versions, such as BSD, profiling of shared libraries can be limited because of gni of the profil function, which may be implemented as library function or as system call. Anyway, as for why it would hang, a question and a suggestion on figuring out where its having issues:. Notify me of followup comments via e-mail.
gpprof Output is sorted by percentage, with hot spots at the top of the list. Also, your program needs to have sufficient permissions for gmon. Rasna October 17, Anonymous March 21,4: One final note is that it is almost always not a gpprof library bug when you see something hanging or crashing in a system library e. Mike Dunlavey February 28,7: I could go into greater detail on any of these if necessary.
Table of Contents
My focus is to write articles that will either teach you or help you resolve a problem. Hi Cody, You raise a lot of valid points, but let me itemize my objections to gprof.
Alex, The reason ctrl-c prevents it from producing a gmon. Mike Dunlavey October 2,1: Mark Richter February 28,5: As you would have already seen that gprof produces output with lot of verbose gpeof so in case this information is not required then this can be achieved using the -b flag.
You raise a lot of valid points, but let me itemize my objections to gprof.
Gprof – Wikipedia
If you simply want to know which functions burn most of the cycles, it gpprof stated concisely here. The same goes the other way around too. On a related note, you should also understand how to debug your C program using gdb. But because difference in loops is small, every time program executes we can get different sort results in flat profile. This page was last edited on gpror Decemberat So we see that a flat profile containing information related to only function func1 is displayed.
The flat profile gives the total execution time spent in each function and its percentage of the total running time.
GPROF Tutorial – How to use Linux GNU GCC Profiling Tool
That the call graph is important as opposed to the information in stack samples. Cody February glrof,7: This produces an analysis file which contains all the desired profiling information. The man page, by the way, suggests this:.