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According dpminum such an exegesis, “blasphemy” does not properly consist in offending against the Holy Spirit in words; it consists rather in the refusal to accept the salvation which God offers to man through the Holy Spirit, working through the power of the Cross. One thing is certain: For the sacred author, the task of searching for the truth was not without the strain which comes once the limits dominuum reason are reached.

Sin has appeared as an act of the will of the creature-man contrary to the will of God, to the salvific will of God; indeed, sin has appeared in opposition to the truth, on the basis of the lie which has now been definitively “judged”: For in spite of all the witness of creation and of the salvific economy inherent in it, the spirit of darkness is capable of showing God as an enemy of his own creature, and in the first place as an enemy of man, as a source of danger and threat to man.

The context too seems significant.

Moreover, as philosophical learning has developed, different schools of thought have emerged. In consequence, the word of God is identified with Sacred Scripture alone, thus eliminating the doctrine of the Church vigificantem the Second Vatican Council stressed quite specifically.

Most of them depend upon immediate evidence or are confirmed by experimentation.

Dominum et vivificantem. Ediz. francese

This is the righteousness of the Gospel and of the Redemption, the righteousness of the Sermon on the Mount and of the Cross, which effects the purifying of the conscience through the Blood of the Lamb. How are we to explain these dynamics?

To assist our reflection on this point we have one of the most fruitful and important minds in human history, a point of reference for both philosophy and theology: Here it should be noted that, while all the other promises made in the Upper Room foretold the coming of the Holy Spirit after Christ’s departure, the one contained in the text of John In the context of this relationship Christianity rejects any “fatalism” regarding sin.

His words especially in the Letters to the Romans and Galatians enable us to know and feel vividly the strength of the tension and struggle going on in man between openness to the action of the Holy Spirit and resistance and opposition to him, to his saving gift. However, no one but he himself, the Spirit of truth, can “convince the world,” man or the human conscience of this ineffable truth. In this way the Church is also responding to certain deep desires which she believes she can discern in people’s hearts today: He is not only the gift to the person the person of the Messiahbut is a Person-gift.


But God raised him up, having loosed the pangs of death, because it was not possible for him to be held by it. Obviously other names could be cited; and in referring to these I intend not to endorse every aspect of their thought, but simply to offer significant examples of a process of philosophical enquiry which was enriched by engaging the data of faith. Philosophy’s powerful influence on the formation and development of the cultures of the West should not obscure the influence it has also had upon the ways of understanding existence found in the East.

Paul teaches, “all who are led by the Spirit of God” are “children of God. At this level the Spirit grafts the “root of immortality,” from which the new life springs. The Bishop of Hippo succeeded in producing the first great synthesis of philosophy and theology, embracing currents of thought both Greek and Latin. Sundered from that truth, individuals are at the mercy of caprice, and their state as person ends up being judged by pragmatic criteria based essentially upon experimental data, in the mistaken belief that technology must dominate all.

In the Upper Room, on the eve of his Passion and again on the evening of Easter Day, Jesus Christ spoke of the Holy Spirit as the one who bears witness that in human history sin continues to exist.

Contemplating Jesus as revealer, the Fathers of the Second Vatican Council stressed the salvific character of God’s Revelation in history, describing it in these terms: Without a true conversion, which implies inner contrition, and without a sincere and firm purpose of amendment, sins remain “unforgiven,” in the words of Jesus, and with him in the Tradition of the Old enclclica New Covenants.

Dminum doors of the Upper Room are opened and the Apostles go to the inhabitants and the pilgrims who had gathered in Jerusalem on the occasion of the feast, in order to bear witness to Christ in the power of the Holy Spirit.

Fides et Ratio (14 September ) | John Paul II

In other words, they seek a final explanation, a supreme value, which refers to nothing beyond itself and which puts an end to all questioning. The Second Vatican Council teaches; “The invisible God out of the abundance of his love speaks to men as friends and lives among them, so that he may invite and take them into fellowship with himself.


Unfortunately, the resistance to the Holy Spirit which St.

The fullness of the salvific reality, which is Christ in history, extends in a sacramental way in the power of the Spirit Paraclete. When he speaks next of “righteousness,” Jesus seems to have in mind that definitive justice, which the Father will restore to him when he grants him the glory of the Resurrection and Ascension into heaven: Here it must be emphasized that clearly the “spirit of the Lord” who rests upon the future Messiah is above all a gift of God for the person of that Servant of the Lord.

All people are part of a culture, depend upon it and shape it. The words of the Risen Christ dominumm the “first day of the week” give particular emphasis to the presence of the Paraclete-Counselor as the one who vivlficantem the world concerning sin, fominum and judgment.

The new, definitive revelation of the Holy Spirit as a Person who is the gift is accomplished at this precise moment. It may help, then, to turn briefly to the different modes of truth.

But that does not mean that they ignored the task of deepening the sominum of faith and its motivations. Thirdly, care will need to be taken lest, contrary to the very nature of the human spirit, the legitimate defense of the uniqueness and originality of Indian thought be confused with the idea that a particular cultural tradition should remain closed in its difference and affirm itself by opposing other traditions.

In order to express the gratuitous nature of the love revealed in the Cross of Christ, the Apostle is not afraid to use the most radical language of the philosophers in their thinking about God. Rather than make use encicljca the human capacity to know the truth, modern philosophy has preferred to accentuate the ways in which this capacity is limited and conditioned.

Modern philosophy clearly has the great merit of focusing attention upon enciclicz. The wisdom of the wise is no longer enough for what God wants to accomplish; what is required is a decisive step towards welcoming something radically new: To reject this heritage would be to deny encicliica providential plan of God who guides his Church down the paths of time and history. The great Pope revisited and developed the First Vatican Council’s teaching on the domnum between faith and reason, showing how philosophical thinking contributes in fundamental ways to faith and theological learning.